Metadata: Infant Mortality
Infant mortality – death rate within the first year of life
Neonatal mortality – death rate within the first 28 days of life
Early neonatal mortality – death rate within the first 7 days of life
Deaths from all causes within the respective period of life registered as occurring in respective calendar year
Source of data – National Centre for Health Outcomes Development (NCHOD)
Data extracted 20/09/08
All live births occurring in the relevant year
Source of data – Office of National Statistics (ONS) – downloaded from internet to WMPHO
Data downloaded 20/06/08
Data years – calendar years
Later years to be added as they become available
Infant mortality is predominantly an indicator of the health of new born babies. It is thus influenced by health in pregnancy and maternity care. The majority of infant deaths are neonatal deaths and the majority of neonatal deaths are early neonatal deaths.
Analysis performed by NCHOD
Number of deaths in relevant period divided by Number of live births in the year expressed per 1000 live births.
Quality of indicator
Registration of deaths and births is virtually complete.
Targets and National Indicators
PSA as part of objective to reduce inequalities.
Starting with children under one year by 2010 to reduce by at least 10% the gap in mortality between “routine and manual” groups and the population as a whole.
Births and Deaths are continuously registered. Annual compilations are issued approximately 9 months in arrears.
West Midlands has a higher infant mortality rate than any other English region. Reducing infant mortality rate in the Region therefore has a high priority.